The Kingdom of God

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Contents

Introduction

Although there was a significant transition between the old and the New Testament on the significance of “Grace”, the kingdom of God concept is entirely a new testament phenomena. It is not mentioned in the Old Testament but it has been mentioned 106 times in the New Testament. It is referred to as the kingdom of God 69 times and as the kingdom of heaven 33 times. Since the kingdom of God is ahead by at least a factor of 2 to 1, it is here referred to as the “kingdom of God”. These verses have been printed out and have been sorted into seven different categories:

1.) Definition 2.) Who will be rejected, 3.) Evangelism 4.) Parables 5.) Membership requirements, 6.) Membership privileges 7.) Rank in the kingdom.

I do not know whether we have the right categories, or whether the verses have been put into the correct bin, but I would welcome your input. Within each been they have been held to the order in which they appear in the Bible for your ease and looking them up. Perhaps some ordering should be done within each bin. Your suggestions would be welcome.

Be very careful of the context of each verse, and look for other verses that are important, that have not been mentioned here because they do not have “the kingdom of” within them. What is your concept of the kingdom of God?

Definition

Christ’s Ministry.

Mat. 4:17 indicates that the first apparent ministry step that Christ took, immediately following his temptation in the wilderness, was to preach the kingdom of heaven. Prior to that time, in Mat. 3:2, it describes the ministry of John the Baptist, the forerunner of Christ, as admonishing people to repent for the kingdom of heaven was at hand. These two actions make the “kingdom of heaven” message as being extremely important since it permeated the entire ministry of both men. Luke 16:16 represents this new way of religious thinking or teaching (the Age of Grace) as starting with the ministry of John and certainly continuing through the ministry of Christ.

The Two “Kingdom of God’s”.

There seem to be two kingdoms of heaven: the one spoken of by John in The Revelation, Rev. 12:10, as being the physical coming kingdom that will be set up at the end of the age, the other being described by Christ, and later by Paul, as being near to and within us. A case for the latter point of view is made in Mar. 9:1, and later in Luke 9:27 when he mentions that some of them standing there would not see death until they saw the kingdom of God. This did not mean that they would live a long time, or that a physical kingdom to be set up by Christ was imminent; it simply meant that the kingdom of God is very soon upon and among us all.

Luke 17:21 describes it as being within us,1 Cor. 4:20 points out that the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power. In Luke 17:21 it is pointed out that the kingdom of God is not a geographical position, but is within us or among us. In Rom. 14:17 Paul points out that the kingdom of God is not in meat or drink, but in righteousness, and peace, and joy through the ministry of the Holy Ghost.

A Difficult Concept.

The Kingdom of God is apparently a difficult concept to understand. Even Christ in Luke 13:18, and later in Luke 13:20, and in Mar. 4:30 mused as how he was going to explain the concept to others. So he used parables. But, apparently there were those, like Mark, who in Mar. 11:10 represented the kingdom of God as the kingdom of our father David which was coming in the name of the Lord. Apparently they were misguided in considering the kingdom of God as being an immediate political entity, and not a spiritual presence as it apparently is, now. It would become a physical entity at the end of the age as described in Rev. 12:10.

  • Why else would the apostles have been arguing as to who would have the greater seats in the coming kingdom?
  • Why else would two of them have brought their mother into the picture requesting choice seats for her sons?
  • Why would Christ have a zealot as apostle?
  • Why else would there have been hilarity at the beginning of the session in the upper room? But the kingdom of God was apparently already here within and among them. They just didn't see it, yet.

Kept Obscure.

Apparently the concept was deliberately kept obscure. In Luke 8:10, and again in Luke 19:11 we see that this is true. Why would such an important concept be deliberately kept from so many people? We can only speculate. Maybe if too many had believed too easily he would not have been crucified, which would have disrupted God’s plan for Christ to be our sacrifice.

The Witness.

Perhaps the presence of the kingdom of heaven can be best illustrated by what Paul wrote in Rom. 8:16, when he pointed out that the Spirit bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God. Homework.

1.) Carefully read the over the next two categories. Use the two tests of outline: 1.) Do the categories cover the entire subject? 2.) Are all the categories of equal stature? If not adjust them until they are.
2.) Carefully seek out any way that you think the verses within each category should be arranged.
3.) Bring any biblical references that you think should be included.

The Kingdom of God Narrative

Christ’s Ministry.

Mat. 4:17 indicates that the first apparent ministry step that Christ took, immediately following his temptation in the wilderness, was to preach the kingdom of heaven. Prior to that time, in Mat. 3:2, it describes the ministry of John the Baptist, the forerunner of Christ, as admonishing people to repent for the kingdom of heaven was at hand. These two actions make the “kingdom of heaven” message as being extremely important since it permeated the entire ministry of both men. Luke 16:16 represents this new way of religious thinking or teaching (the Age of Grace) as starting with the ministry of John and certainly continuing through the ministry of Christ.

The Two “Kingdom of God’s”.

There seem to be two kingdoms of heaven: the one spoken of by John in revelations, Rev. 12:10, as being the physical coming kingdom that will be set up at the end of the age, the other being described by Christ, and later by Paul, as being near to and within us. A case for the latter point of view is made in Mar. 9:1, and later in Luke 9:27 when he mentions that some of them standing there would not see death until they saw the kingdom of God. This did not mean that they would live a long time, or that a physical kingdom to be set up by Christ was imminent, it simply meant that the kingdom of God is very soon upon and among us all. Luke 17:21 describes it as being within us, 1 Col. 4:20 points out that the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power. In Luke 17:21 it is pointed out that the kingdom of God is not a geographical position, but is within us or among us. In Rom. 14:17 Paul points out that the kingdom of God is not in meat or drink, but in righteousness, and peace, and joy thru the ministry of the Holy Ghost.

A Difficult Concept.

The Kingdom of God is apparently a difficult concept to understand. Even Christ in Luke 13:18, and later in Luke 13:20 mused as how he was going to explain the concept to others. So he used parables. But, apparently there were those, like Mark, who in Mar. 11:10 represented the kingdom of God as the kingdom of our father David which was coming in the name of the Lord. Apparently they were misguided in considering the kingdom of God as being an immediate political entity, and not a spiritual presence as it apparently is, now. It would become a physical entity at the end of the age as described in Rev. 12:10. Why else would the apostles have been arguing as to who would have the greater seats in the coming kingdom? Why else would two of them have brought their mother into the picture requesting choice seats for her sons? Why else would there have been hilarity at the beginning of the session in the upper room? But the kingdom of God was apparently already here within and among them. They just didn’t see it, yet.

Not Taste Death

One comment that Christ made that was recorded both in Mark in Mar. 9:1, and Luke 9:27 was that some of the people to whom he was talking would not taste death until the kingdom of heaven it come. I am convinced that he did not mean that some of the people standing there would live for the next 2000 years, but that the kingdom of God would come to them before they died.

The Witness

Perhaps the presence of the kingdom of heaven can be best illustrated by what Paul wrote in Rom. 8:16, when he pointed out that the Spirit bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God.

Verses Pertaining to "the kingdom of"

Definition

1. Mr 9:1 ¶ And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That there be some of them that stand here, which shall not taste of death, till they have seen the kingdom of God come with power.
2. Mr 11:10 Blessed [be] the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.
3. Lu 9:27 But I tell you of a truth, there be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the kingdom of God.
4. Lu 13:18 ¶ Then said he, Unto what is the kingdom of God like? and whereunto shall I resemble it?
5. Lu 13:20 And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God?
6. Lu 16:16 The law and the prophets [were] until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it.
7. Lu 17:21 Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you. {within you: or, among you}
8. 1Co 4:20 For the kingdom of God [is] not in word, but in power.
9. Ro 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
10. Re 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

Rejected

1. Mt 5:20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed [the righteousness] of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
2. Mt 7:21 ¶ Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
3. Mt 19:23 ¶ Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.
4. Mt 19:24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
5. Mt 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
6. Mt 23:13 ¶ But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in [yourselves], neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.
7. Mr 10:15 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein.
8. Mr 10:23 And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
9. Mr 10:24 And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God!
10. Mr 10:25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
11. Lu 9:62 And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.
12. Lu 10:11 Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
13. Lu 13:28 There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you [yourselves] thrust out.
14. Lu 18:17 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child shall in no wise enter therein.
15. Lu 18:24 And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
16. Lu 18:25 For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle's eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
17. 1Co 6:9 ¶ Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
18. 1Co 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
19. 1Co 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.
20. Ga 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
21. Eph 5:5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

Evangelism

1. Mt 3:2 And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
2. Mt 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
3. Mt 10:7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.
4. Mt 12:28 But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.
5. Mr 1:14 ¶ Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God,
6. Mr 1:15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.
7. Lu 4:43 And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent.
8. Lu 8:1 ¶ And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve [were] with him,
9. Lu 9:2 And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick.
10. Lu 9:11 And the people, when they knew [it], followed him: and he received them, and spake unto them of the kingdom of God, and healed them that had need of healing.
11. Lu 9:60 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God.
12. Lu 10:9 And heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
13. Lu 11:20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you.
14. Lu 17:20 ¶ And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not with observation: {with...: or, with outward shew}
15. Lu 21:31 So likewise ye, when ye see these things come to pass, know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh at hand.
16. Ac 1:3 To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:
17. Ac 8:12 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.
18. Ac 19:8 ¶ And he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God.
19. Ac 20:25 And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more.
20. Ac 28:23 ¶ And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into [his] lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and [out of] the prophets, from morning till evening.
21. Ac 28:31 Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.
22. Col 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated [us] into the kingdom of his dear Son: {his...: Gr. the Son of his love}
23. Col 4:11 And Jesus, which is called Justus, who are of the circumcision. These only [are my] fellowworkers unto the kingdom of God, which have been a comfort unto me.

Parables

1. Mt 13:24 ¶ Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:
2. Mt 13:31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:
3. Mt 13:33 Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. {measures: the word in the Greek is a measure containing about a peck and a half, wanting a little more than a pint}
4. Mt 13:44 ¶ Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
5. Mt 13:45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:
6. Mt 13:47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind:
7. Mt 13:52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure [things] new and old.
8. Mt 18:23 Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants.
9. Mt 20:1 ¶ For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.
10. Mt 22:2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,
11. Mt 25:1 ¶ Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.
12. Mt 25:14 ¶ For [the kingdom of heaven is] as a man travelling into a far country, [who] called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods.
13. Mr 4:11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all [these] things are done in parables:
14. Mr 4:26 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground;
15. Mr 4:30 And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it?
16. Lu 8:10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand.
17. Lu 19:11 ¶ And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.

Membership Requirements

1. Mt 5:3 ¶ Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
2. Mt 5:10 Blessed [are] they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
3. Mt 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
4. Mt 11:12 And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force. {suffereth...: or, is gotten by force, and they that thrust men}
5. Mt 18:3 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
6. Mt 19:12 For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive [it], let him receive [it].
7. Mt 19:14 But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.
8. Mr 9:47 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire: {offend...: or, cause thee to offend}
9. Mr 10:14 But when Jesus saw [it], he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.
10. Mr 12:34 And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him [any question].
11. Lu 6:20 ¶ And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed [be ye] poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.
12. Lu 18:16 But Jesus called them [unto him], and said, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.
13. Lu 18:29 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God's sake,
14. Joh 3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. {again: or, from above}
15. Joh 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
16. Ac 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, [and] exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.
17. 2Th 1:5 ¶ [Which is] a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer:

Membership Privileges

1. Mt 8:11 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven.
2. Mt 13:11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
3. Mt 13:43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
4. Mt 16:19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
5. Mr 14:25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.
6. Mr 15:43 Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
7. Lu 12:31 But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
8. Lu 13:29 And they shall come from the east, and [from] the west, and from the north, and [from] the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.
9. Lu 14:15 ¶ And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed [is] he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
10. Lu 22:16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.
11. Lu 22:18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
12. Lu 23:51 (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) [he was] of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.

Rank in kingdom

1. Mt 5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach [them], the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
2. Mt 11:11 Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.
3. Mt 18:1 ¶ At the same time came the disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?
4. Mt 18:4 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven.
5. Mt 21:31 Whether of them twain did the will of [his] father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
6. Lu 7:28 For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist: but he that is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.
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